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A-Z Health Topics lists public health information that's not found in other areas of our website. You'll find a wide variety of topics here, most of which include links to other websites where you can find even more information.

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Health Topics

A (10) | B (6) | C (16) | D (1) | E (9) | F (3) | G (3) | H (12) | I (6) | L (10) | M (10) | N (2) | P (2) | R (3) | S (7) | T (5) | U (2) | V (3) | W (2) | Y (2) | Z (2)
An alphabetical listing of Health Topics.
Title
Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is caused by the virus Parvovirus B19. Symptoms may begin 4 to 20 days after you are exposed to someone who is infected. It's most contagious before the development of the rash.

Fièvre typhoïde

La fièvre typhoïde est une infection causée par une bactérie du nom de Salmonella typhi. Elle est présente généralement dans les pays en développement, où les normes d’hygiène sont peu élevées. Les voyageurs sont exposés à la fièvre typhoïde quand ils s’y rendent.

Exposure to potential bloodborne pathogens Bloodborne pathogens are germs that are present in the blood and can cause diseases.
Enterovirus D68

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a relatively rare virus with potentially serious risks to some people.

Entérocoques résistants à la vancomycine (ERV)

Les entérocoques sont des bactéries qui se trouvent normalement dans les voies intestinales et digestives d’une personne. Ils se trouvent aussi souvent dans l’environnement. Ces bactéries peuvent causer bien des genres d’infections devant être traités par des antibiotiques.

Entérobactéries productrices de carbapénèmases (EPC)

Les entérobactéries sont un groupe de bactéries (germes) qui se retrouvent naturellement dans les intestins. Ces bactéries se retrouvent aussi dans l’environnement. Les EPC sont un type d’entérobactéries qui produisent des enzymes appelées carbapénèmases. Ces enzymes peuvent décomposer de nombreux types d’antibiotiques (médicaments luttant contre les bactéries), rendant ainsi les bactéries très résistantes et difficiles à traiter.

Emergency Preparedness

You may not be able to predict when a disaster will happen, but there are ways you can reduce the impact of any emergency you might face.  You can become better prepared to face a range of emergencies by taking a few simple steps:

Echinococcus multilocularis infection

Echinococcus multilocularis (E. multilocularis) infection is caused by eating the eggs of tapeworms called E. multilocularis. These tapeworms can cause disease in humans and animals. They are often found in the intestines of dogs, wild canines (e.g., coyotes, foxes, wolves), and rodents.

Ebola

Ebola is a severe acute viral illness in humans. Ebola risk is very low in Windsor-Essex. To date, there have not been any cases of Ebola in Canada, and the risk to Ontarians remains low.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE)

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is a rare but potentially fatal illness that can be transferred to humans from the bite of an infected mosquito.

E. Coli

Escherichia coli, also called E. coli, are bacteria that are often found in the intestines of people and animals. There are different types of E. coli. Some types of E. coli are not harmful, but others like E. coli O157:H7, can make some people very sick. Usually illness is caused by eating contaminated food or water, having contact with someone who is sick with the bacteria, or animals that carry it.

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is an infection caused by a bacterium (germ) called Corynebacterium diphtheriae.  These germs are not commonly found in Canada.  Diphtheria is an infection prevented through immunization.  Travellers and unimmunized persons are most at risk of getting sick.

Cyclosporiasis

Cyclosporiasis is an intestinal (bowel) infection caused by a parasite (germs), called cyclospora cayetanensis.  The germs live in humans, and are most common in warm and humid countries.

Cryptosporidiosis (Crypto)

Cryptosporidiosis (crypto) is an infection caused by a group of parasites (germs), called cryptosporidium. Most infections occur in a person’s stomach and intestines (gastrointestinal tract). Infections can occur in other parts of the body, such as the lungs. These germs can infect humans, cattle, and other animals.

Coronavirus

The Windsor-Essex County Health Unit is monitoring the current outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus in China and around the world.

Common Cold (Viral Upper Respiratory Infection)

A common cold, or a viral upper respiratory infection, is an infection of the nose and throat. Many different viruses (germs) can cause a cold. While the common cold and influenza (flu) symptoms can seem very similar, the flu is usually more severe.

Comment dois-je me nettoyer les mains?

Étapes du lavage des mains et étapes de la désinfection des mains

Cold-related Injury

Cold weather can be harmful to your health. While the health risks related to cold are higher for certain groups (such as people who work outdoors, people with pre-existing heart conditions or respiratory illnesses, older adults, infants, young children, and those who are experiencing homelessness), everyone is potentially at risk.

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a type of bacteria found in the environment, and in the feces (poop) of humans. Some people can carry the bacteria in their intestines without it causing them any harm. This is known as “colonization”. The bacteria can cause infection in others, known as “C. difficile infection (CDI)”, by producing a toxin that harms your intestines and causes symptoms.

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) est une bactérie qui est associée à des éclosions de diarrhée et de colite chez les patients hospitalisés et les résidents de maisons de soins infirmiers. Elle cause généralement des problèmes aux personnes ayant suivi une antibiothérapie.

Cholera

Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by bacteria. The bacteria can be found in water or food that has been contaminated with stool (poop) from a person who is infected with cholera. In Ontario, an average of one case per year is reported and all cases have been exposed to cholera in another country while travelling. Places in the world with poor sanitation, poor water treatment and inadequate hygiene are more likely to have cholera.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacteria (germs), called chlamydia trachomatis.  It is one of the most common bacterial STIs.

Chikungunya Virus

Chikungunya is a disease spread to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease typically causes high grade fever combined with arthritis-like joint pains.

Chickenpox (Varicella)

Chickenpox is a common and preventable infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus.

Care for your Child after Vaccinations

Vaccines, like any medicine, can have side effects that are usually mild and brief. Most children are fine after getting a shot. Side effects are usually minimal and last less than 24 hours. In rare cases, a child may have a serious allergic reaction. The risks of a serious reaction happening are lower than the risks of the diseases the shots prevent. After your child receives a vaccination (shot), your child will be asked to wait for 15 minutes to make sure that there are no side effects.

Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE)

Enterobacteriaceae are a group of bacteria (germs), many of which live naturally in our bowels. These germs are also found in the environment. CPE is a type of enterobacteriaceae that makes carbapenemase enzymes. These enzymes can break down many types of antibiotics (medications that fight bacteria).

Canine Influenza - Information for Pet Owners

Canine influenza (or dog flu) is an influenza A virus that infects dogs. There are two different dog flu viruses: H3N8 and H3N2 virus. Most dogs have no immunity to either strain of virus and it is highly contagious. It can also infect cats. It is not known to infect humans. The first documented case of H3N2 in Canada was on January 2, 2018 in Windsor-Essex County.

Campylobacter

Campylobacter enteritis is an infection caused by a group of bacteria, called Campylobacter.  These germs live mostly in the intestines of animals, including poultry, cattle, rodents, and household pets.

Brucellosis

Brucellosis is an infection caused by the bacteria, Brucella. These germs mainly live in cattle, pigs, goats, and sheep.

Botulism

Botulism is a rare infection caused by the bacteria, Clostridium botulinum. These germs make a toxin (poison) that affects your nervous system and can cause paralysis. This germ is found worldwide in soil and dust and also can be found in the intestines of animals.

Blue-Green Algae Bloom

Blue-green algae are microscopic bacteria that occur naturally in fresh water lakes. In warm weather, with the right nutrients and low wind, they can form a large mass called a bloom. Residents and visitors are urged to take a cautious approach, monitor the situation, and protect themselves from potential health risks.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis is an infection caused by a group of fungus called Blastomyces. The fungus is usually found in wet soil in wooded areas near water and rotting plants. It grows as mould in the soil, and once it enters the body it grows as yeast. The fungus often causes an infection in the lungs. It can also affect other areas such as the skin and bone.

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are wingless, red-brown, blood sucking insects. They’re oval shaped and live four months to one year. They can survive for long periods without a blood meal. Their eggs are whitish, pear-shaped, and approximately the size of a pinhead.

Baylisascaris procyonis

Baylisascaris procyonis is a roundworm parasite found in intestines of raccoons. This roundworm can infect people as well as a variety of other animals including dogs. The infection in humans is rare, but can be severe if the parasites infect the eye, brain, spinal cord, and/or other organs

Avoid Holiday Burnout

"Burnout" is a term often used to describe feelings of desperation, extreme stress, and the inability to continue with, or loss of interest in, scheduled activities. Sufferers of "holiday burnout" are often overwhelmed by the perceived extra demands and expectations associated with preparation for, and celebration of, the holiday season.  

Asthma in the Classroom

The following information will provide an overview of key facts about asthma, and will outline helpful tips for managing students in the classroom with an asthma diagnosis.