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Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is a rare but potentially fatal illness that can be transferred to humans from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Climate change is expected to result in warmer temperatures, longer and hotter summers, and more frequent and/or severe weather events such as hurricanes/tornadoes, thunderstorms, wildfires, floods and droughts. Climate change is likely to impact most areas of our lives, including our health. (Government of Canada, 2018)
The primary focus of Ontario’s vector-borne management plan is on tick and mosquito population surveillance. This report summarizes the surveillance activities of the Windsor-Essex County Health Unit (WECHU) as it relates to West Nile Virus (WNV) and Lyme disease.
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is a tropical mosquito that is part of the Aedes species. It is capable of transmitting several viruses, including Zika, dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever. These mosquitoes are small and have a black and white pattern on their legs and other parts of the body.
The vector-borne disease report highlights surveillance information related to Lyme disease and West Nile Virus (WNV) Illness in Windsor-Essex County.
The Aedes albopictus mosquito is a tropical mosquito that is part of the Aedes species which is capable of transmitting Zika virus. Although this species of mosquito, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, is capable of transmitting viruses including Zika, it is not the species that is responsible for the majority of human cases of Zika virus infection in the Caribbean, South America and Florida. That species is the Aedes aegypti mosquito.
West Nile Virus (WNV) is a mosquito transmitted virus that can be transferred to humans from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Zika virus is caused by a virus which is spread by the Aedes mosquito. The Aedes species of mosquito is not native to Canada.
Chikungunya is a disease spread to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease typically causes high grade fever combined with arthritis-like joint pains.